Effect of Remineralization Agents on Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization-Affected Incisors: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial


JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY, vol.46, no.3, pp.192-198, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.17796/1053-4625-46.3.4
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.192-198
  • Keywords: Molar incisor hypomineralization, Calcium glycerophosphate, Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate nanocomplex, Tooth remineralization, AMORPHOUS CALCIUM-PHOSPHATE, LOW-FLUORIDE DENTIFRICES, CASEIN PHOSPHOPEPTIDE, GLYCEROPHOSPHATE, DEMINERALIZATION, TEETH, DIAGNOSIS, CHILDREN, CARIES, MIH
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the remineralization effect of two different mineral containing agents on white/creamy and yellow/brown demarcated opacities in incisors in children with molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) by using laser fluoresence (LF). Study Design: Fifty-three children (n=401 lesions) with MIH were randomly divided into three groups: (1)calcium glycerophosphate (CaGP), (2)casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP) and, (3)control (1450 ppm fluoride toothpaste). Remineralization was evaluated by means of LF, at baseline, after one and threemonths. Anova Test for Repeated Measurements in intra-group comparisons in evaluating the effectiveness of remineralization agents. One-way Variance Analysis (ANOVA) and Tukey-Kramer Multiple Comparison test were used in the comparisons between groups and, Student Newman Keuls Multpile Comparison Test was used to determine the differences between the measurement averages in case of p<0.05. Results: There was a significant improvement in MIH-lesions over time in all groups (p 0.001), with no differences between groups. The highest percentage of change was observed in CPP-ACFP in lesions LF???20 scores and the mean percentage of change LF 20 scores, the highest percentage changes in CaGP. There was no significant difference between the groups over the time for all the used outcome measures (p>0.05). Conclusion: The additional use of both mineral containing agents in MIH-affected teeth improved these hypomineralized lesions with mineral deposition. Even if both agents could be used in the hypomineralized teeth with demarcated opacities, future studies are recommended the long-term effect of these mineral containing agents with longer observation and a larger sample size.