Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) Aptamer targeting SipA protein inhibits Salmonella Enteritidis invasion of intestinal epithelial cells

Shatila F., Yalcin H. T. , ÖZYURT C. , EVRAN S., Cakir B., YAŞA İ., ...Daha Fazla

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES, cilt.148, ss.518-524, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 148
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.01.132
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.518-524


Salmonella Enteritidis is an important pathogen that can invade the intestinal cells of its host causing salmonellosis. SipA protein, an effector protein secreted by T3SS, maintains invasion of host cells more efficient. Thus, inhibitory aptamers against SipA protein were developed using magnetic bead-based Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential Enrichment (SELEX) method. The enriched sequences were obtained after 9 SELEX rounds. Among which, an aptamer namely Apt17 displayed Kd values equivalent to 114.9 and 63.4 nM at 27 degrees C and 37 degrees C, respectively. The effect of Apt17 on adhesion and invasion of Caco-2 cells by the tested strains was determined. While the adhesion and invasion of Salmonella Enteritidis TM 6 were inhibited by 70% and 37.7%, those of Salmonella Enteritidis TM 68 were inhibited by 45.71% and 39.5% respectively. These results represent a corner stone for future studies that could aim to develop putative inhibitors against Salmonellosis. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.