Carbazole based electrochromic polymers with benzoazole units: Effect of heteroatom variation on electrochromic performance

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Doyranli C., Koyuncu F. B.

EXPRESS POLYMER LETTERS, vol.10, pp.762-770, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.3144/expresspolymlett.2016.70
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.762-770
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


A series of carbazole-based polymers were synthesized via Suzuki polymerization between N-(2-ethylhexyl) carbazole-3,6-bis(ethyleneboronate) (Cbz) and dibromobenzazole unit. Three different polymers, PCBN, PCBS and PCBSe were obtained from 4,7-dibromo-2-hexyl-2H-benzotriazole (BN), 4,7-dibromo-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole-(BS) and 4,7-dibromo-2,1,3-benzoselenadiazole (BSe), respectively. It is observed that, the variation of heteroatoms (N, S and Se) on the benzazole unit have most important effect on electro-optic properties of the PCBX polymers. Neutral state color of the polymer films and their electrochromic performances are also influenced. Among the synthesized polymers, the PCBS bearing 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole as acceptor units has a broad absorption and 50% of Delta T in the near-IR regime at the oxidized state. This property of PCBS is a great advantage for near-IR electrochromic applications.