The liver lipid fatty acid composition of two cartilaginous fish, the thornback ray (Raja clavata) and the common smooth-hound (Mustelus mustelus)

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Yığın C. Ç., Çakır F., Cabbar K., Kızılkaya B., Ormancı H. B., Öztekin A., ...More

Aquatic Research, vol.2, no.3, pp.143-153, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Journal Name: Aquatic Research
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.143-153
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


We have evaluated the fatty acid composition of the livers from two cartilaginous fish species Raja clavata (thornback ray) and Mustelus mustelus (common smooth-hound) caught off the Northern Aegean Sea. While there was generally little variation between species, Mustelus mustelus indicated low saturated (SFA) in summer (29.61%), in spring (32.57%), in autumn (30.07%) and in winter (31.81%) and high polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in summer (40.35%), in spring (36.50%), in autumn (30.21%) and in winter (27.26%) levels. The dominant fatty acids were palmitic acid (C16:0), oleic acid (C18:1 (n-9)), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; C20:5 (n-3)), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; C22:6 (n-3)) in both cartilaginous fish species in all seasons. The ratio of DHA/EPA with respect to the total of fatty acids in livers oils was ranged from 2.66% to 4.44% for Mustelus mustelus and 2.89% to 4.46% for Raja clavata. The n:3/n:6 ratio of thornback ray was higher compared to smooth-hound shark in all seasons. The liver oil of R. clavata and M. mustelus represent a valuable source of omega-3 PUFA that can be used for human and animal nutrition.

Keywords: Cartilaginous fish, Fatty acids, Liver, Raja clavata, Mustelus mustelus