An overview of bidirectional electric vehicles charging system as a Vehicle to Anything (V2X) under Cyber–Physical Power System (CPPS)

Elma O., Cali U., Kuzlu M.

ENERGY REPORTS, vol.8, pp.25-32, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.egyr.2022.10.008
  • Journal Name: ENERGY REPORTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.25-32
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Nowadays, EVs are rapidly increasing in popularity, and are accepted as the vehicles of the future all over the world. The most important components are their battery and charging systems. The energy capacity of EVs’ batteries has a significant potential to supply different energy requirements. Therefore, EVs must be designed in accordance with bidirectional power flow, and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) should be upgraded as Electric Vehicle Power Exchange Equipment (EVPE). This power exchange infrastructure can be called Vehicle-to-Anything (V2X). V2X will also be the key solution for energy grids of the future that will turn into a much larger and smarter system with the help of emerging digitalization technologies, such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT), and the Internet of Things (IoT). This study introduces a multi-layer Cyber-Physical Power Systems (CPPS) framework to explore the potential of V2X technologies allowing bidirectional charging. In addition, the impact of e-mobility is discussed from the V2X perspective. V2X has the potential to provide more practical use of electric vehicles and to bring advantages to the user in terms of both economy and comfort, thus accelerating the transformation of e-mobility and making it easier to accept.