Preparation of Poly(Humic Acid) Particles and Their Use in Toxic Organo-Phenolic Compound Removal from Aqueous Environments


Sağbaş S., KANTAR Ç. , ŞAHİNER N.

WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION, cilt.225, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 225 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11270-013-1809-5
  • Dergi Adı: WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION

Özet

Particles derived from humic acid, as p(HA), are synthesized in a single step via a water-in-oil microemulsion system employing different cross-linkers such as divinylsulfone (DVS), glutaraldehyde (GA), epichlorohydrine (ECH), and adipochloride (AC). The different phenolic groups on humic moieties are connected via these cross-linkers to form particles. The prepared p(HA) particles were successfully used in the removal of toxic organo-phenolic such as phenol (Ph), 4-nitrophenol (4-NPh), 4-chlorophenol (4-CPh), 2-chlorophenol (2-CPh), and 2,3-dichlorophenol (2,3-CPh) from aqueous environments. Various parameters such as pH, contact time, reusability of particles, and the initial concentration of adsorbate are investigated. It is found that the absorption capacity of p(HA) particles for Ph is 180 mg/g, and the maximum absorption amount is obtained at pH 6. Furthermore, the reuse experiments are shown that p(HA) particles can release the absorbed Ph by the treatment of methanol, and an absorption capacity of 85 % is attainable up to five consecutive absorption and release cycles. p(HA) particles are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), zeta potential, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) techniques.