Hydrogels of versatile size and architecture for effective environmental applications


Sahiner N.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, cilt.32, ss.113-123, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 32 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Dergi Adı: TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.113-123

Özet

Cationic hydrogels from a positively charged monomer, (3-Acrylamidopropyl)-trimethylammonium chloride (APTMACI), were synthesized as bulk, and micro- and nano-sizes. These hydrogels were utilized to remove contaminants such as food dyes and an environmentally toxic metal, arsenic. The micro- and nanohydrogels were dispersed in another hydrogel network to design a semi-interpenetrating network (semi-IPN) which was shown to visualize the particles that can be used for absorption purposes. The micron-sized cationic hydrogel particles were very effective in the removal of arsenic from an aqueous environment- 96% of the arsenic was removed in less than 10 min from a 55-ppm aqueous stock solution. Cationic hydrogels ca. 5 nm were also prepared and demonstrated for fluorescein dye absorption in the nanohydrogel-hydrogel semi-IPN. Hydrogel particle sizes were investigated with microscopic methods, such as optical, fluorescence, scanning electron and transmission electron microcopes.