Parenting Styles and Practices in Enhancing Self-Determination of Children With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Meral B. F., Wehmeyer M. L., Palmer S. B., Ruh A. B., Yilmaz E.

American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, vol.28, no.4, pp.282-301, 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1352/1944-7558-128.4.282
  • Journal Name: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, PASCAL, Periodicals Index Online, Applied Science & Technology Source, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, CINAHL, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), MEDLINE, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.282-301
  • Keywords: children with intellectual and developmental disabilities, families, overprotectiveness, parenting styles and practices, self-determination
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


Parenting styles and practices are crucial in promoting the self-determination of children. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the role of parenting styles and practices in enhancing the self-determination of children with/without intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). The present study was carried out with a sample of 243 parents of children with/without IDD in Türkiye (Turkey). The results indicated that an authoritative parenting style and autonomy-supportive parenting practices positively affect the degree of child self-determination, whereas permissive and overprotective parenting practices may limit child opportunities in fostering self-determination. The study results also showed that urbanization, higher income, and higher education level of parents positively impacted the degree of child self-determination. Parents of typically developing children reported higher levels of overall self-determination for their typically developing children when compared with children with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder. On the other hand, parents of children with mild disabilities reported a higher level of self-determination than both children with moderate and severe disabilities. The results were discussed within the cultural context of the current sample.