NEUROLOGIA MEDICO-CHIRURGICA, vol.48, no.4, pp.176-178, 2008 (SCI-Expanded)
A 45-day-old infant presented with a rare case of intracerebral hematoma complicated with brain abscess which developed after vitamin K deficiency. He was admitted to our emergency department with complaints of fever and confusion. Physical, neurological, and laboratory examinations and cranial computed tomography identified vitamin K deficiency and intracerebral hematoma. He started to suffer convulsions. The patient underwent surgery. A brain abscess was discovered with an intracerebral hematoma. The intracerebral hematoma and abscess were evacuated and antibiotic therapy was initiated. Convulsions became rare and were controlled with midozalam administration. Follow-up computed tomography after 6 months showed encephalomalacic changes in the temporoparietal area. If feeding depends only on human milk, the amount of vitamin K prophylaxis given to neonates should be increased to support vitamin K related factors.