International Food Congress/Novel Approaches in Food Industry/NAFI 2014, Aydın, Turkey, 26 - 29 May 2014, pp.242
Dairy industry is one of the important sections of food industry. Factory size and capacity expansion in dairy industry is directly related to the investment on the machanic tool. Today, the industry has progressed so much in the use of the machine that the composition of produced milk is not equal to the composition of raw milk. Criteria such as effectiveness, productivity, safety, quality, large capacity and new product acquisition are first class topics in dairy industry processing operations. Thus, equipments that perform these functions are versatile and expensive.
Businesses that have capital have been grown by investing on equipments. The second group of businesses tried to increase their capacity by combining their capitals. The third group of businesses which could not do both of these achievements have been closed. Although significant increases in milk processing capacity have been seen in the last two decades in the United States and European countries, the number of factories have been decreased.
In our study, the main equipments that provides a major contribution to the dairy industry will be described. Importance of these equipments may vary according to the people. The main factors on our selections are: To reveal a new product, having a large capacity and allowance to automation. In this case, the main equipments are evaporators, mixers, separators, spray dryers, membran filtration equipments, continuous ice cream mix freezers, heat exchangers and continuous churning machines. The second important machine groups according to our criteria are homogenizers and deaerators. After giving some information about these equipments, innovative studies on them will be explained.