Objective: This study aimed to analyze the publication rate for oral presentations at Congresses of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases of Turkey (CEMDT), their contribution to the literature, and variations over twenty years. Material and Methods: Presentations from 1997-2017 were accessed through congress booklets. PubMed and Google Scholar were used for the relevant literature search. Results: A total of 456 oral presentations were identified as having a publication conversion rate of 45.4% (207). These manuscripts were published in journals with a median impact factor (IF) of 2.79 (interquartile range (IQR): 1.77-3.58) and were found to receive a median of 9 (IQR: 3-21) citations. The publication rate in SCI/SCI-E indexed journals was 80.2% (166). The publication duration was a median of 20.6 months (IQR: 6-41 months). The multinational abstract rate was 6.8% (31), whereas 19.3% (88) of the abstracts comprised of retrospective data. The most frequent variation during the conversion to articles was a change in the order of the authors, which was observed in 65.71% (136) of cases. When the two ten-year periods from 1997-2006 and 2007-2017 are compared, the publication rate increased from 37.1% to 54.3% (p<0.01). Conclusion: This is the first study to evaluate the publication rate of the CEMDT presentations. The conversion rate for oral presentations to publication is high compared to studies from other branches of medical science in Turkey. However, it remains lower than the international congresses. There is a promising enhancement in the last ten years.