Modal Analysis, Experimental Validation, and Calibration of a Historical Masonry Minaret

Bayraktar A., ALTUNIŞIK A. C. , SEVİM B., TÜRKER T., Akkose M., Coskun N.

JOURNAL OF TESTING AND EVALUATION, vol.36, no.6, pp.516-524, 2008 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.516-524


This paper describes a historical masonry minaret, its finite element modeling, modal testing, and finite element model calibration. Iskenderpasa historical masonry minaret located in Trabzon City Center, Turkey, is selected as an application. Modal analysis is performed on the developed 3-D finite element model of the minaret to obtain the analytical frequencies and mode shapes. The ambient vibration tests on the minaret under environmental excitations, such as traffic loads and wind, are conducted. The output-only modal parameter identification is carried out by using peak picking of the average normalized power spectral densities in the frequency domain and stochastic subspace identification in the time domain. Dynamic characteristics such as natural frequencies, mode shapes, and damping ratios are determined. The finite element model of the minaret is calibrated to minimize the differences between analytically and experimentally estimated modal properties by changing some uncertain modeling parameters such as material properties and boundary conditions. At the end of the study, maximum differences in the natural frequencies are reduced on an average from 27% to 5%. A good agreement is also found between analytical and experimental natural frequencies and mode shapes after model calibration,