Microbiological fertilizers are an important part of environment friendly sustainable agricultural practices. A study was conducted in order to investigate seed inoculation of sugar beet (cv. Sonja) and barley (cv. Tokak), with nitrogen fixing (Bacillus polymyxa) and phosphate dissolving (Bacillus megaterium var. phosphaticum) bacteria in comparison to control and mineral fertilizer application in the green house and in the field at two sites in 1996 and 1997 in Erzurum (29 degrees 55' N and 41 degrees 16' E with an altitude of 1950 m), Turkey.