Adapting to Rapid Changes and Emergencies in Teaching EFL

Bayraktar Balkir N., Zehir Topkaya E.

in: The Art of Teaching English in the 21st Century Settings, Avara Hayriye, Editor, ISRES Publishing, Konya, pp.256-295, 2023

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Vocational Book
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Publisher: ISRES Publishing
  • City: Konya
  • Page Numbers: pp.256-295
  • Editors: Avara Hayriye, Editor
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) is a demanding profession, particularly when teachers must adapt to unforeseen changes and emergencies deriving from global and local problems such as pandemics, destructive earthquakes, climate change, and economic recession. The recent COVID-19 pandemic exemplifies the profound impact such events can have on the field of education, changing various aspects of the teaching and learning landscape from instructional delivery to student engagement. These factors have the potential to evoke feelings of anxiety, frustration, and isolation. Despite the fact that adapting to rapid changes and emergencies in TEFL is not an easy undertaking, it can also be an opportunity for growth and innovation. Therefore, to overcome these difficulties and ensure effective learning outcomes, a number of key considerations and strategies come into play. One key condition required by EFL teachers is teacher well-being, which is concerned with teachers’ general mental, physical, and emotional health. Besides, teachers need to develop a growth mindset to adjust their expectations, goals, and strategies according to the changing circumstances. They also ought to accept technology as a useful tool that could facilitate their teaching and learning processes. Moreover, teachers should adopt a critical thinking approach to their teaching to identify problems, generate solutions, make informed decisions, communicate effectively in emergencies and rapid changes, and show resilience in the face of stress and difficult situations. Finally, they should seek professional development opportunities, collaborate with colleagues, access available resources, and participate in online communities of practice. By addressing these crucial topics, this chapter focuses on the teacher exploring teacher well-being, teacher mindset, technology acceptance, critical thinking, and professional development and aims to empower EFL teachers with practical guidance and strategies to thrive in an ever-evolving educational landscape.