Temporal variations of phytoplankton community and their correlation with environmental factors in the coastal waters of the Çanakkale Strait in 2018

Demir E. İ., Türkoğlu M.

Oceanologia, vol.64, no.1, pp.705-726, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.oceano.2021.10.003
  • Journal Name: Oceanologia
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, CAB Abstracts, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.705-726
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


In order to investigate temporal variations in phytoplankton connected with hydrography, high-resolution (twice a week) samplings were carried out between January and December 2018 at a single, shallow water station in the Dardanelles. Diatoms dominated in early and mid-winter, late spring and early summer, and between August and October. Whereas dinoflagellates dominated in the period from mid-February to the end of the third week of May, mid-summer, and late autumn. Other groups were generally more abundant in the early summer and mid-autumn than any other period. Late spring and early summer, mid-autumn and middle winter were the important bloom periods. The average contribution of diatom abundance (5.00 ×10 5 ±7.80 ×10 5 cells L −1 ) to average total phytoplankton abundance (9.63 ×10 5 ±7.88 ×10 5 cells L −1 ) was above 50% (average: 51.88%) during the year except spring (34.32%). However, the average contribution of dinoflagellates (43.32 ±20.69%) and others (4.81 ±6.99%) to the total phytoplankton abundance were lower than the abundance of the diatoms (51.88 ±21.61%). The study revealed a decrease both in the total number of algal blooms which also included HABs and their densities in the region compared to the previous findings. These observations seem to evidence environmental status improvement of the investigated area, manifested in an average chlorophyll a concentration (0.71 ±0.52 μg L−1) and quantitative phytoplankton structure (10 3 to 10 5 cells L−1).