Synthesis and electrochromic performance of a novel polymer based on an oxidative polymer derived from carbazole and thiophene

Kocaeren A.

JOURNAL OF POLYMER RESEARCH, vol.23, no.4, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10965-016-0961-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Electrochromism, Thiophene, Carbazole, Oxidative polymerization
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


A polymer derived from poly-9-bis[4-(thiophen-3, 4-yloxy) biphenyl)]-9H-carbazole containing a carbazole and thiophene group, abbreviated as B2, was synthesized via the oxidation method by using FeCl3 as an oxidant. Additionally, the electrochemical polymer of B2 was synthesized and coated onto an ITO-glass surface via electrochemical oxidative polymerization. The electrochemical synthesis of the polymer was performed in 0.05 M AN/LiClO4 solvent/electrolyte solution containing 0.1 M concentration of B2 between +0.3 and +1.4 V potentials. The compounds were characterized by FTIR, NMR, and elemental analysis techniques. The spectroelectrochemical and electrochromic properties of this polymer were also investigated in 0.05 MAN/LiClO4 solvent/electrolyte solution for 200 s and at a constant potential of +1.4 V. Switching ability of this polymer was measured as the percent transmittance (Delta T%) at its changing point of maximum contrast. Additionally, the scan rate study was performed at different scan rates: 400, 300, 200, 100, 50, 20 mV/s. According to the electrochromic measurements, the synthesized polymer had a light blue color when it was oxidized, and when it was reduced, it had a transparent color. As a result, the synthesized polymer P(B2) can be used to produce new polymeric electrochromic devices, and it can be considered a good candidate for applications of electrochromic devices (ECDs) because of its short response time of 3.5 s.