New catalytic route: Hydrogels as templates and reactors for in situ Ni nanoparticle synthesis and usage in the reduction of 2-and 4-nitrophenols


ŞAHİNER N. , ÖZAY H. , ÖZAY Ö. , Aktaş N.

APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL, cilt.385, ss.201-207, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 385
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.apcata.2010.07.004
  • Dergi Adı: APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.201-207

Özet

Nickel nanoparticles inside poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propansulfonic acid) (p(AMPS)) hydrogel were prepared by reduction of Ni(II) ions absorbed within hydrogel network. TEM images confirmed that in situ formed nickel particle in p(AMPS) hydrogel networks are about 100 nm. These nickel metal nanoparticles containing hydrogel-composites were utilized as catalysts and reaction media for the reduction reactions of aromatic nitro compounds, 2- and 4-nitrophenols with aqueous NaBH(4). The reduction rate constants at four different temperatures (30, 40,50 and 60 degrees C) and activation parameters were calculated. The activation energies (E(a)) for 4- and 2-nitrophenols are 25.70 and 38.69 kJ mol(-1), respectively. It was found that these types of hydrogel-composite catalyst systems can be used repetitively up to five times with 100% conversion and only with 25% reduction in the initial reduction rate. (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Nickel nanoparticles inside poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propansulfonic acid) (p(AMPS)) hydrogel were prepared by reduction of Ni(II) ions absorbed within hydrogel network. TEM images confirmed that in situ formed nickel particle in p(AMPS) hydrogel networks are about 100 nm. These nickel metal nanoparticles containing hydrogel-composites were utilized as catalysts and reaction media for the reduction reactions of aromatic nitro compounds, 2- and 4-nitrophenols with aqueous NaBH4. The reduction rate constants at four different temperatures (30, 40, 50 and 60 °C) and activation parameters were calculated. The activation energies (Ea) for 4- and 2-nitrophenols are 25.70 and 38.69 kJ mol-1, respectively. It was found that these types of hydrogel-composite catalyst systems can be used repetitively up to five times with 100% conversion and only with 25% reduction in the initial reduction rate.