Investigation of consciousness level of farmers to environmental and toxıcological risk of pesticides in Çanakkale province.


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Taşkır U., Tiryaki O.

V. BALKAN AGRICULTURE CONGRESS, Çanakkale, Turkey, 20 - 23 September 2023, pp.119

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Çanakkale
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.119
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

There is an increase in pest and the use of pesticide are increasing. Reducing the negative effects of pesticides is very important. The aim of this work is to investigate consciousness level of farmers to toxicological risk of pesticides in Çanakkale. The sample size was calculated by “Simple Random Sampling Based on Ratio Means” method. The survey was performed with 270 farmers. 25.55% of the farmers had 31-40 years of farming experience, 47.78% were primary school graduates and 35.55% were 55-65 years old. The farmers knowledge level was calculated by applying a four-point Likert Scale. The knowledge level was low, moderate high, and very high with the percentage of 1.85%, 25.18%, 66.29% and 6.67%, respectively. The Chi-Square test was used to investigate the relationship of farmer's knowledge level with education, age, farming experience, land size, and farming type. Only education was significant and coefficient contingency was 0.467. As education level increased, the knowledge level increased. With this result, the importance of the role of education, has once again emerged. 78.89% of the farmers change their clothes after spraying, 46.67% take cared information on the pesticide labels, 45.18% use protective equipment during spraying, 69.63% of the farmers cared about the PHI, 15,92% have knowledge about MRLs, 41.85% disposed remaining pesticide solutions to the edge of agricultural fields. 40.74% and 6.3% disposed empty pesticide bottles to garbage, and environment, respectively. Present findings revealed one more time the significance of public and private sector organizations in raising awareness among producers about pesticides.