A Comparative Study on Changes and Relationships of Kernel Biochemical Components in Different Types of Maize


KAHRIMAN F. , EGESEL C. Ö. , Egesel B.

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY, cilt.92, ss.1451-1459, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 92 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11746-015-2716-2
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1451-1459

Özet

A great deal of genetic variability and breeding efforts have yielded a number of specialty maize types. Little is known about how the off-target traits in specialty maize kernel have changed and how they compare to those of standard maize genotypes. In this study, we compared the normal (NORMAL), high-oil (HOM) and high-protein maize (HPM) genotypes in terms of oil, protein, fatty acids and some mineral components. We also investigated the relationships among the evaluated traits in different kernel types. We detected a significant variation among the maize types for all of the investigated traits. Specialty maize genotypes had a superior performance for the traits they were specifically bred for, as well as kernel mineral content over the normal genotypes. HOM and HPM had similar values in terms of their fatty acid composition. However, they were different from the standard genotypes, with higher oleic and lower linolenic acid levels, which indicates that the specialty maize genotypes possess a better oil quality. Correlation analysis revealed that only three pairs of correlations out of 46 values had the same sign and a similar level of significance in different types. Such similarities or differences in correlation values for different types should be taken into account in the efforts for developing high quality maize genotypes.