CITRUS GROWING


Polatöz S. , Gür E. , Yılmaz N. , Şeker M.

in: RECENT HEADWAYS IN POMOLOGY, Assist. Prof. Dr. Mine PAKYÜREK, Editor, İksad Yayın Evi, Ankara, pp.313-354, 2021

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Publisher: İksad Yayın Evi
  • City: Ankara
  • Page Numbers: pp.313-354
  • Editors: Assist. Prof. Dr. Mine PAKYÜREK, Editor

Abstract

Citrus is a plant community that includes species that are widely cultivated and have economic value, such as grapefruit, lemon, mandarin and orange, as well as other species such as shadok, laym, citron and bergamot. The origin of citrus fruits is in Southeast Asia, including the region that spreads from East Arabia to the Philippines and from the south of the Himalayas to Indonesia-Australia. In this area, it is believed that Northeast India and North Burma are the centres of origin. However, according to the latest findings, it is seen that China is important as a homeland due to the presence of many different citrus species in the Yunnan region (Davies and Albrigo, 1994; İncesu, 2011). Citrus cultivation globally is mostly carried out between 400 north and south latitude, but this may narrow according to regional changes in altitude and climate (Spiegel-Roy and Goldschmidt, 1996). Citrus fruits are economically grown in three main regions: tropical, semitropic and subtropical. Although its homeland is tropical and semitropic regions, citrus cultivation is widespread in subtropical regions. In subtropical regions, production is carried out for home consumption; in other regions, it is generally oriented to industry. In the tropical and semitropic regions, the inner and outer colouration and the quality of the fruit are not good, and the aroma is insufficient (İncesu, 2011). Citrus production of Turkey can be classified into three regions as Mediterranean, Aegean and Eastern Black Sea. The ecological conditions of our country allow for extremely successful citrus cultivation in terms of quality in the Mediterranean and Aegean Regions. World citrus production has increased significantly in recent years and reached 157,979,260 tons in 2019.