Clinical comparative study on the accuracy of palatal rugae in models obtained by different impression materials and intraoral scanning

Gökmen Ş., Topsakal K. G., Duran G. S., Görgülü S.

Clinical Oral Investigations, vol.28, no.2, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00784-024-05556-y
  • Journal Name: Clinical Oral Investigations
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Palatal rugae, Dental impression methods, Orthodontics, Forensic odontology
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


Objective: Palatal rugae are frequently used in the evaluation of tooth movement after treatment in orthodontics and as a stable region in superimposition. It is important to note that the impression method and material used to record the rugae region affect the accuracy of the impression. The aim of this study is to compare the accuracy of palatal rugae, in three-dimensional (3D) by employing both conventional and digital impression methods. Materials and methods: In this study, 22 patients (12 females, 10 males) mean age of 13.5 ± 1.7 years old were selected with complete permanent dentition. Three different impressions were taken from the maxillae of the patients: conventional impression using silicone rubber impression material, conventional impression using alginate impression material, and optical impression using an intraoral scanner. The impressions’ digital data were analyzed by the GOM Inspect (Version 2018, Braunschweig, Germany), a 3D analysis software. The Root Mean Square (RMS) values of the total ruga region were evaluated in this software. The data were statistically analyzed using the Jamovi program. The Kruskal–Wallis test and Mann–Whitney U test were performed due to the non-normal distribution of the data. Results: There is no statistically significant difference between the comparison points of the right and left rugae’s medial and lateral points and total rugae regions’ RMS values. Although there was no statistically significant difference, the total RMS values of alginate and digital scan measurements showed closer results than the RMS values of silicone and digital scan measurements. Conclusion: The study found that there was no statistically significant difference in the total RMS values of the ruga region between traditional and digital impression methods. Clinical relevance: The treatment period in orthodontics is long. Different impression materials and methods can be used for diagnostic, mid-treatment, and final impressions. For superimpositions and treatment and post-treatment palatal ruga evaluations, traditional and digital impression methods are clinically acceptable and can be used as alternatives to each other.