Changes in the essential oil content and composition of pelargonium graveolens l'her with different drying methods

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Akçuraa S., ÇAKMAKÇI R., Umsan U.

Grasas y Aceites, vol.74, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3989/gya.0226221
  • Journal Name: Grasas y Aceites
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Fuente Academica Plus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, DIALNET
  • Keywords: Rose-scented geranium, Essential oil yield, Chemical composition, Drying methods, Citronellol, Geraniol
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the effect of various drying methods (fresh plant, shade-drying, sun-drying, and oven-drying at 30 and 60 °C) on the essential oil (EO) composition of rose-scented geranium were determined. Essential oil samples were extracted by hydrodistillation and analyzed byGC and GC-MS systems. The highest EO contents were obtained in the fresh plant (1.98%). followed by shade-drying (1.34 %) and oven-drying at 30 °C (1.20 %). The main components were citronellol (23.99-39.87%). gcraniol (4.15-17.09%). mcnthonc (4.48-8.34%). linalool (1.96-7.42%), P-caryophyllene (2.63-4.32%), geranyl tiglate (0.99-4.52%), citronellyl butyrate (0.53-5.31%) and cis-rose oxide (0.71-3.15%). The diying methods showed a marked impact on the constituents of the EO samples. The results demonstrat¬ed that drying the aerial parts of fresh geranium, and shade-drying and oven-drying at 30 CC were the best optimal methods to obtain the highest oil yield, and citronellol. geraniol, and linalool contents in the oil.