Factors Affected Feather Louse Density and Eimeria Oocyst load in Pigeons

Erdem H. , Uz A., Savaş T. , Konyalı C.

1 st International Congress of Alternative Poultry and Ornamental Birds, Antalya, Turkey, 8 - 10 November 2019, pp.35-38

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-38


The lice are ectoparasites, that are divided in chewing or sucking lice. Chewing lice, which are found in many species of birds, feed on feather and skin scales. The aim of this study was to obtain information on the density of lice populations and gram faeces of Eimeria oocysts (OPG) in domestic pigeons in Canakkale and to show their relationship to the pigeon loft. For the determination of louse density, 239 pigeons by 10 breeders were investigated. For oocyst detection, mix fecal samples were taken from the pigeon-houses of 8 breeders. A questionnaire based on observations and breeder responses was prepared. Four pigeon louse species were identified in the study: Columbicola colombae, Goniocotes bidentatus, Goniocotes gallinae and Menepon gallinae. In addition, feather mite (Falculifer rostratus) and pigeon fly (Pseudolychia canariensis) were also observed. It was shown that feather color and light exposure of the houses were effective factors on louse density (P<.0001). Pigeons with black feather color have more louse density than white pigeons. If the volume of the pigeon house per pigeon decreases, the lice density increases (P<.0001). Although the number of oocysts in the poultry houses, which were cleaned frequently, was lower, the difference was statistically insignificant (P>0.05).