Complete hydatidiform mole coexisting with a live fetus

Unsal M. A., GÜVEN S.

CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY, vol.39, no.2, pp.262-264, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.262-264
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


The co-existence of a hydatidiform mole with a living fetus is a rare phenomenon. The condition is a dilemma with respect to the diagnosis and management of associated maternal (a risk of maternal complications, such as preeclampsia, hyperthyrodism, and a risk of malignancy) and fetal (elevated risk of spontaneous abortion, neonatal thyrotoxicosis) complications. A 27-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a diagnosis of hydatidiform mole and live fetus. The pregnancy was unremarkable except for the complaints of excessive nausea and vomiting. Successive ultrasound examinations demonstrated a normally growing live fetus (14 weeks) alongside a normal placenta and an additional intrauterine echogenic mass with features of hydatidiform mole. Genetic amniocentesis at 18 weeks' of gestation showed normal diploid fetal karyotype. At 20 weeks of pregnancy, a control prenatal visit revealed intrauterine fetal death. The follow-up period for two years was unremarkable. In the case of a normal fetal karyotype and the absence of serious signs of maternal pathology, waiting until fetal viability is achieved can justifiably be proposed, however there is still a risk of prenatal complications such as intrauterine death.