Polyfluorene Thin Films Synthesized by a Novel Plasma Polymerization Method

Goktas H., MANSUROGLU D., ATALAY B., Bilikmen S., KAYA İ.

PLASMA CHEMISTRY AND PLASMA PROCESSING, vol.32, no.1, pp.35-44, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11090-011-9334-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-44
  • Keywords: Double discharge, Filamentary discharge, Plasma polymerization, Polyfluorene, Thin films, DOUBLE-DISCHARGE, THIOPHENE, POLYMERS, DERIVATIVES, TRANSISTORS, PROGRESS
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


The synthesis of polyfluorene (PF) thin films by simultaneously superposing a continuous and pulsed discharge and the characterizations of these samples are presented. The double discharge plasma system is constructed by superposing two discharges; namely, a low pressure dc glow one and a high current pulsed one. The fluorene monomer in powder form was vaporized in the system at argon plasma without any modification, at 0.5 mbar operating pressure. The structure of the thin films was investigated via XPS, UV-visible, FTIR, XRD and SEM. The FTIR and the UV-visible results revealed that the fluorene structure was retained at the produced samples. Semi-conducting behavior was established, and upon the iodine doping, the optical energy band gap (E-g) dropped down from 3.7 to 2.4 eV. The morphology of the synthesized PF thin films was amorphous, with granular structures of different sizes depending on the location of the substrate.