Information regarding the evaluation of long-term tillage effects on soil properties and summer maize growth after winter vetch in western Turkey is not available. Therefore, this study was conducted for 5years with three types of tillage including conventional (mouldboard plough) and conservation (rototiller and chisel). Results indicated that tillage had no significant effect on penetration resistance, except at the bottom of 20cm soil depth where it was higher in mouldboard plough than in rototiller and chisel. Bulk density in the topsoil of 10cm decreased with the degree of soil manipulation during tillage practices. Rototiller caused significantly higher root, leaf and stems biomass and plant height than the other systems. The root dry weight was higher in the topsoil of 10cm than at the bottom of this soil depth for all systems. The highest root dry weight was found in fourth year of chisel, but the lowest was recorded in the same year of plough, especially at the bottom of 20cm due to higher penetration. Rototiller improved soil properties and maize growth compared to other systems in 2 of 5years. We concluded that using rototiller for maize after winter vetch will be more effective compared with other systems.