Absolute parameters of young stars: PU Pup

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ERDEM A., SÜRGİT D., Banks T. S., ÖZKARDEŞ B., Budding E.

RESEARCH IN ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS, vol.21, no.10, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1674-4527/21/10/256
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, INSPEC
  • Keywords: (stars, ) binaries (including multiple), close, stars, early-type, stars, individual (PU Pup), Galaxy, stellar content, BINARY, EVOLUTION, CLASSIFICATION, ISOCHRONES
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


We present combined photometric and spectroscopic analyses of the southern binary star PU Pup. High-resolution spectra of this system were taken at the University of Canterbury Mt. John Observatory in the years 2008 and again in 2014-2015. We find the light contribution of the secondary component to be only similar to 2% of the total light of the system in optical wavelengths, resulting in a single-lined spectroscopic binary. Recent TESS data revealed grazing eclipses within the light minima, though the tidal distortion, examined also from Hipparcos data, remains the predominating light curve effect. Our model shows PU Pup to have the more massive primary relatively close to filling its Roche lobe. PU Pup is thus approaching the rare 'fast phase' of interactive (Case B) evolution. Our adopted absolute parameters are as follows: M (1) = 4.10 (+/- 0.20) M (circle dot), M (2) = 0.65 (+/- 0.05) M (circle dot), R (1) = 6.60 (+/- 0.30) R (circle dot), R (2) = 0.90 (+/- 0.10) R (circle dot); T (1) = 11500 (+/- 500) K, T (2) = 5000 (+/- 350) K; photometric distance = 186 (+/- 20) pc, age = 170 (+/- 20) Myr. The less-massive secondary component is found to be significantly oversized and overluminous compared to standard main sequence models. We discuss this discrepancy referring to heating from the reflection effect.