Surface Roughness Prediction Model in Machining of Carbon Steel by PVD Coated Cutting Tools

Şahin Y., Motorcu A. R.

American Journal of Applied Sciences, vol.1, no.1, pp.12-17, 2004 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.3844/ajassp.2004.12.17
  • Journal Name: American Journal of Applied Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.12-17
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


The surface roughness model in the turning of AISI 1040 carbon steel was developed in terms of cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut using response surface methodology. Machining tests were carried out using PVD-coated tools under different cutting conditions. The surface roughness equations of cutting tools when machining the carbon steels were achieved by using the experimental data. The results are presented in terms of mean values and confidence levels. The established equation shows that the feed rate was found to be a main influencing factor on the surface roughness. It increased with increasing the feed rate, but decreased with increasing the cutting speed and the depth of cut, respectively. The variance analysis for the second-order model shows that the interaction terms and the square terms were statically insignificant. However, it could be seen that the first-order effect of feed rate was significant while cutting speed and depth of cut was insignificant. The predicted surface roughness of the samples was found to lie close to that of the experimentally observed ones with 95% confident intervals.