Differential pulse voltammetric determination of acyclovir in pharmaceutical preparations using a pencil graphite electrode


MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING C-MATERIALS FOR BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS, vol.63, pp.570-576, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


In this study, a new selective and sensitive voltammetric procedure for determination of acyclovir (ACV) was proposed using a disposable electrode, pencil graphite electrode (PGE). Cyclic and differential pulse voltammograms of ACV were recorded in Britton-Robinson buffer solution containing 0.10 M KCI with pH of 4.0 at PGE. The PGE displayed a very good electrochemical behavior with significant enhancement of the peak current compared to a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Under experimental conditions, the PGE had a linear response range from 1.0 mu M to 100.0 mu M ACV with a detection limit of 0.3 mu M (based on 3 S-b). Relative standard deviations of 4.8 and 3.6% were obtained for five successive determinations of 10.0 and 50.0 mu M ACV, respectively, which indicate acceptable repeatability. This voltammetric method was successfully applied to the direct determination of ACV in real pharmaceutical samples. The effect of various interfering compounds on the ACV peak current was studied. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.