Distribution of antibiotic resistance and the presence of vancomycin-resistance genes (vanA and vanB) in Enterobacteriaceae isolated from the Sea of Marmara, the Canakkale Strait and the Istanbul Strait, Turkey


ÇARDAK M., Altug G., AY M., EROL TINAZTEPE Ö.

OCEANOLOGICAL AND HYDROBIOLOGICAL STUDIES, vol.45, no.2, pp.182-190, 2016 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/ohs-2016-0017
  • Journal Name: OCEANOLOGICAL AND HYDROBIOLOGICAL STUDIES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.182-190
  • Keywords: Canakkale Strait, Istanbul Strait, Sea of Marmara, Beta-lactam Antibiotics, PCR, vanA, vanB, HEAVY-METAL RESISTANCE, VETERINARY ANTIBIOTICS, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, BACTERIA, ENTEROCOCCI, WATER, ENVIRONMENT, PREVALENCE, IDENTIFICATION, CONTAMINATION

Abstract

We investigated the frequency of antibiotic resistance of Enterobacteriaceae and the presence of vancomyc-in-resistance genes in samples taken from the Sea of Marmara, and the Istanbul and Canakkale Straits, Turkey. Different colony -forming bacteria were isolated and identified with the VITEK 2 Compact 30 system. The antibiotic resistance of the isolates was determined by the disc diffusion method. The isolates were tested against amoxicilin, ampicillin, aztreonam, ceftazidime, cefotaxime, cefuroxime, ofloxacin, vancomycin, tetracycline, kanamycin and gentamycin. The presence of vancomyctn-resistance genes (vanA and vanB) was also investigated. The level of Enterobucteriaceue species was higher in the Sea of Marmara than in the Istanbul Strait and the Canakkale Strait. Isolates showing resistance to the greatest number of antibiotics were identified from E. colt isolates. The resistance of the selected bacterial isolates were as follows: kanamycin (82%), vancomycin (78%) and ampicillin (60%). Some intermediately vancomycin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolates had the vanA gene. This study provides evidence of widespread bacterial resistance to clinically relevant antibiotics in marine environments. It also contributes to the knowledge on the distribution of antibiotic resistance among Enterobacteriaceae and indicates the importance of control measures in domestic water treatment.