Trauma and Intentional Injury Characteristics of Pediatric Forensic Cases Applying to Emergency Room

AKGÜL KALKAN E. , Yildirim A. , AKDUR O.

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND ANALYTICAL MEDICINE, vol.7, no.5, pp.668-671, 2016 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.4328/jcam.4302
  • Page Numbers: pp.668-671


Aim: In this study, we aim to reveal the characteristics of intentional injuries and the trauma profiles in order to prevent injuries in pediatric forensic cases. Material and Method: Forensic cases of patients aged 18 or younger who were admitted into emergency service were analyzed retrospectively in terms of age, gender, type of injury, and etiology of trauma between January 1, 2014 and December 31. 2014. Results: Of the 148 cases, 62(41.995) were female and 86(58.1%) male; the mean age was 11.260.4. The most common cause of injury was traffic accident (46.695). The second most common type of injury was intentional injuries (21.686). The distribution of intentional injury is: beating in 20 cases (13.586), stab wounds in 7 cases (4.795), gunshot wounds in 1 case (0.79'o), sexual abuse in 1 case (0.765), and attempted suicide in 3 cases (286). Eleven (7.486) cases had life -threatening injuries. Discussion: Most injuries are preventable because they are due to traffic accidents. Intentional injuries were more frequent during school age and adolescence. Understanding these findings is very important in developing child safety programs to reduce injuries.