Removal of Cd(II), Co(II), Cr(III), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) ions from wastewater using polyethyleneimine (PEI) cryogels

Bagdat S., Tokay F., Demirci S., YILMAZ S., ŞAHİNER N.

Journal of Environmental Management, vol.329, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 329
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.117002
  • Journal Name: Journal of Environmental Management
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Index Islamicus, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Adsorption, Cryogel, Heavy metal ion removal, Macro porous adsorbent, Wastewater treatment
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Elsevier LtdThe removal of the target analytes, Cd(II), Co(II), Cr(III), Ni(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) from contaminated waters was achieved using super porous polyethyleneimine (PEI) cryogels as adsorbent. The optimum values of the sample pH and contact time were determined as 4.0 and 90 min, respectively, for the removal of the analytes. The adsorption capacities of the sorbent were between 19.88 and 24.39 mgg−1 from 10 mL of 50 mgL−1 target metal ion solutions. The sorption kinetics of metal ions were fitted with the pseudo-second-order model. The adsorption isotherms of the target analytes into PEI cryogel were well-fitted to the Langmuir isotherm model as expected from the material homogeneity. The selectivity of the PEI cryogel in the presence of Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, NO3 −, K+ and Cl− ions even at high concentrations was tested, and the tolerance limits were satisfactory enough, e.g., the adsorption of the target analytes was even not affected in the presence of 2000 mgL−1 Ca2+, K+, Na+, Cl− and 5000 mgL−1 NO3 − ions. The PEI cryogels were successfully utilized in different industrial wastewater samples that were spiked with a known amount of analytes. The removal of the analytes from wastewater samples was in the following ranges 91.94–99.86% for Cd(II), 89.59–99.89% for Co(II), 80.35–99.76% for Cr(III), 92.02–99.84% for Ni(II), 83.28–99.86% for Pb(II), and 82.94–98.24% for Zn(II), respectively. The presented novel removal strategy offers a selective, efficient, and easy application for target metal ions from industrial wastewater samples.