Experimental and statistical free vibration analyses of laminated composite beams with functionally graded fiber orientation angles


EVRAN S.

POLYMERS & POLYMER COMPOSITES, cilt.28, ss.513-520, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 28 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/0967391120938210
  • Dergi Adı: POLYMERS & POLYMER COMPOSITES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.513-520

Özet

In this experimental and statistical study, free vibration behavior of laminated composite beams with functionally graded fiber orientation angles was investigated under clamped-free boundary conditions. The beams were manufactured using E-glass/epoxy. Fiber orientation angles of the beams were analyzed based on Taguchi's L9 (3(3)) orthogonal array. The effect of fiber orientation angles and beams with optimum levels were assessed using analysis of signal-to-noise ratio. Significant laminates of the beams and their percent contributions on the free vibration responses were obtained using analysis of variance. According to this study, the increase of fiber orientation angle from 0 degrees to 80 degrees causes a decrease in the fundamental frequency behavior of laminated composite beams. The most effective control factors were found to be the first and the second laminates symbolized as L1 with 85.86% contribution, the third and the fourth laminates symbolized as L2 with 12.29% contribution, the fifth and the sixth laminates symbolized as L3 with 1.84% contribution, respectively. This study can be used as a reference for free vibration analysis of cantilever laminated composite beams made of functionally graded fiber orientation angles as experimentally and statistically.