RELATIONAL SOCIOLOGY MODELS' POSSIBLE EXPANSIONS IN SOCIOLOGY PRACTICE AND REFLEXIVITY IN TURKEY FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF SUBSTANTIALISM AND RELATIONALITY DICHOTOMY


ULUOCAK Ş.

ISTANBUL JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGICAL STUDIES-SOSYOLOJI KONFERANSLARI, no.53, pp.101-153, 2016 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 53
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.18368/iu/sk.65493
  • Title of Journal : ISTANBUL JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGICAL STUDIES-SOSYOLOJI KONFERANSLARI
  • Page Numbers: pp.101-153

Abstract

Discussions on dichotomic notion couples which demostrate various ontological, epistemological and methodological positionings like agency - structure, subject - object, induction - deduction, causality-reflexivity, micro - macro or explanation - interpretation have been witnessed for a long time in sociology literature. Among these discussions, various approaches, which are more often-heard nowadays, under the title of "relational sociology" which questions if the social world consists of "the substances" or "processes" - therefore relations - and suggests that "everything is relational" have started to gain more importance. Within the scope of this research which focuses on the ideas of social scientists on the ideal type models relating to ontological and epistemological differentiations, it has seen that the main problematic about differentiations in relational sociology centres upon whether the individuals - as living creatures-get in contact with social structures, institutions and cultures and whether some "relation" types - relational perspectives-can be built as explanatory mechanisms between the individuals and the reified patterns of social life empirically and logically.