Aim: To assess thoracic CT findings in non -traumatic patients with respiratory distress hospitalized in the intensive care unit. Material and Method: Forty-three patients treated in the intensive care unit in our hospital in 20152016 were included in the study. Thorax CT images obtained from the radiology archive were assessed by two radiology specialists. Patients' clinical findings and laboratory results were documented from the patients' records. Results: Nine patients (20.906) were female and 34 (79.1 Bb) were male. Mean age was 71.19 15.4 (21-89) years. The most common findings in the mediastinum were vascular atherosclerosis, lymphadenomegaly, and pericardial effusion, while the most common parenchymal findings were parenchymal fibrotic changes, pulmonary nodule, and emphysematous aeration. The prevalence of pleural effusion was 53.506. Discussion: The presence of underlying neurological and cardiovascular diseases in particular and general condition impairment in patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit represents a risk for the development of respiratory system pathologies.