Effects of Different Feeding Method on Feed Consumption and Live Weight of Pigeons

Erdem H., Savaş T., Konyalı C.

1st International Congress of Alternative Poultry and Ornamental Birds, Antalya, Turkey, 8 - 10 November 2019, pp.39-40

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.39-40
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Natural selection gives shape to individuals and therefore to populations which results in the most appropriate combination of traits in nature. This combination gives animals the selective advantage they need to survive thereby enhancing their chances of reproductive success, under natural conditions. Domestic pigeons originating from rock pigeons also differ from their ancestral characteristics because of artificial selection. There is a significant variation between domestic pigeons in terms of head and beak structure like other morphological and flight characteristics. When we look at the contents of the Animal Protection Laws in the worldwide, it is stated that they have the freedom of life under the conditions of life specific to the type of domestic animals and that the necessary precautions should be taken to protect, care and keep the animals from maltreatment. The most important and basic necessity of the animal is nutrition, but the necessity of feeding does not only mean abdominal saturation'. Our studies are showed that short beak affects feed consumption negatively because of the key role the beak plays in food intake, short beak pigeons often struggle to feed themselves. Both the amount of feed consumed per unit amount and the amount of feed consumed per unit time indicate that the short-beaked breed is disadvantageous and problematic. Additionally, the retarded growth of short beak pigeons’ squabs revealed that the species-specific reproductive pattern was disturbed in the short beak pigeon. The short beak, which is a side-effect of artificial selection for aesthetic purposes, can cause serious welfare problems under restricted environmental conditions. The aim of this study is to examine the results of the short beak created by artificial selection in pigeons in the context of animal welfare and to discuss how to reduce the possible negative effects.