Changing lifestyles and eating habits from the past to the present, and increasing availability of ready-to-eat foods in daily diet along with increasing health problems promted consumers to look for alternative herbal nutrients over time. Such ongoing quests have led to the development of new plant varieties and the reconsidering of existing nutrients in terms of healthy nutrition and diet quality criteria. At the same time, such searches have led to the resurgence of plant species and varieties that have been produced using traditional or primitive agricultural methods in very marginal areas of the world, where cultivation has been abandoned for a variety of reasons, or which are still underdeveloped. Since such plants, which can also be called as fashion-plants, are announced to consumers by the press, those plants are demanded by the consumers and such demand creates new markets. The rediscovery of such plant species, which seem to have been completely forgotten in the past, is expected to become even more popular in the near future if they are addressed by different aspects of today's plants, as compared to the basic plant species and varieties that make up a large part of people's daily diet around the worldwide. As a natural plant of Ethiopia, teff [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] is also considered as one of such fashion-plants and takes place very important role in daily diet of people of the region. The plant has recently been shown as an alternative source of carbohydrates in terms of balanced nutrition in different parts of the world. New scientific studies are causing the plant to become more recognized and to increase its importance. This study has been prepared to introduce many aspects of teff plant which may have an important agricultural potential in near future for our country.