Thiol-disulphide homeostasis, ischemia-modified albumin, complete blood count-derived inflammatory markers and C-reactive protein from acute mania to early remission in bipolar disorder

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Korkmaz Ş. A., Kızgın S., Oğuz E. F., Neşelioğlu S., Erel Ö.

Journal of Affective Disorders, vol.339, pp.426-434, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 339
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jad.2023.07.079
  • Journal Name: Journal of Affective Disorders
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, PASCAL, AgeLine, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Psycinfo, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.426-434
  • Keywords: Bipolar disorder, Follow-up, Oxidative stress, Systemic immune-inflammation index, Systemic inflammatory response index, Thiol-disulfide
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: There is much recent evidence that inflammation contributes to the pathophysiology of acute mania in bipolar disorder (BD). However, no study was evaluated in which the change in thiol-disulphide homeostasis, ischemia-modified albumin (IMA), complete blood count-derived inflammatory markers (CBC-IMs) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in bipolar patients was followed-up from acute mania to early remission. Methods: Seventy-seven bipolar patients in acute mania and ninety-one HC were enrolled. We measured levels of thiol-disulphide parameters, IMA, and CBC-IMs such as neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), red-cell-distribution-width (RDW)-to-platelet ratio (RPR), systemic immune-inflammatory index (SII), and systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI), CRP and platelet-to-albumin ratio (PAR), after adjusting for age, gender, body-mass index (BMI) and smoking status, during acute mania to subsequent early remission. The results were compared with HC. Results: The levels or ratios of all thiol-disulphide parameters except for disulphide, IMA and CRP of bipolar patients in both acute mania and early remission were significantly different from HC, after adjusting for confounders. The NLR, SII, CRP and PAR values of bipolar patients were significantly higher in only acute mania compared to HC. Significant changes in thiol-disulphide parameters and IMA levels were not found in early remission after acute mania. Limitations: Short follow-up period and lack of drug-naive patients. Conclusions: Our results suggest that thiol-disulphide parameters, IMA level and SIRI value might be a trait biomarkers of inflammation in BD. In addition, NLR, SII and PAR values and CRP level might be a state biomarker of inflammation in bipolar patients in a manic phase.