The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of sodium perborate on the compressive strength of calcium silicate-based materials. ProRoot wMTA, MTA Plus, NeoMTA Plus and Biodentine discs with 5 mm thickness and 4 mm diameter were prepared. Thirty discs from each material were used for compressive strength testing and divided into two groups: control and bleaching (n = 15). The sodium perborate was mixed with 30% hydrogen peroxide in a creamy consistency and placed on the surface of the specimens. Specimens were tested in an Instron machine, and compressive strength values were recorded and compared. The data were analysed using one-way anova and post hoc Tukey tests. Compressive strength of all tested materials significantly decreased after bleaching (P < 0.05). SEM examination revealed deterioration on materials' surfaces after bleaching. Application of sodium perborate and hydrogen peroxide reduced the compressive strength of ProRoot wMTA, MTA Plus, NeoMTA Plus and Biodentine.