Thermal Investigation in the Cappadocia Region, Central Anatolia-Turkey, Analyzing Curie Point Depth, Geothermal Gradient, and Heat-Flow Maps from the Aeromagnetic Data


PURE AND APPLIED GEOPHYSICS, vol.174, no.12, pp.4445-4458, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 174 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00024-017-1666-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.4445-4458
  • Keywords: Curie point depth, geothermal gradient, heat flow, Cappadocia, caldera
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


In this study, curie point depth (CPD), heat flow, geothermal gradient, and radiogenic heat production maps of the Cappadocian region in central Anatolia are presented to reveal the thermal structure from the aeromagnetic data. The large, circular pattern in these maps matches with previously determined shallow (2 km in average) depression. Estimated CPDs in this depression filled with loose volcano-clastics and ignimbrite sheets of continental Neogene units vary from 7 to 12 km, while the geothermal gradient increases from 50 to 68 A degrees C/km. Heat flows were calculated using two different conductivity coefficients of 2.3 and 2.7 Wm(-1) K-1. The radiogenic heat production was also obtained between 0.45 and 0.70 mu W m(-3) in this area. Heat-flow maps were compared with the previous, regional heat-flow map of Turkey and significant differences were observed. In contrast to linear heat-flow increment through the northeast in the previous map in the literature, produced maps in this study include a large, caldera-like circular depression between Nevsehir, Aksaray, Nigde, and Yesilhisar cities indicating high geothermal gradient and higher heat-flow values. In addition, active deformation is evident with young magmatism in the Neogene and Quaternary times and a large volcanic cover on the surface. Boundaries of volcanic eruption centers and buried large intrusions are surrounded with the maxspots of the horizontal gradients of magnetic anomalies. Analytic signal (AS) map pointing-out exact locations of causative bodies is also presented in this study. Circular region in the combined map of AS and maxspots apparently indicates a possible caldera.