An Experimental and Statistical Evaluation of The Cutting Parameters on The Machinability of Hadfield Steel


KIVAK T., UZUN G., EKİCİ E.

GAZI UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, cilt.29, ss.9-17, 2016 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 29 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Dergi Adı: GAZI UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.9-17

Özet

The effects of cutting tool coatings and cutting parameters (cutting speed, feed rate) on the cutting forces and surface roughness during the turning of Hadfield steel were investigated in this study. Cutting experiments were made on a CNC lathe under dry cutting conditions by employing CVD TiCN/Al2O3/TiN-, PVD TiAlN- and PVD TiAlN/AlCrO-coated cementite carbide inserts. Four different cutting speeds (100, 140, 180, 220 m/min), two different feed rates (0.2, 0.3 mm/rev) and a constant cutting depth of 0.8 mm were used as the cutting parameters. At the end of the tests, cutting force and surface roughness results were subjected to variance (ANOVA) and multiple regression analyses. The experimental results showed that the PVD TiAlN coating was superior to the CVD TiCN/Al2O3/TiN and PVD TiAlN/AlCrO coatings with respect to cutting force and surface roughness. The correlation coefficients of the statistical model developed at the end of the analysis were R-2=0.994 and R-2=0.996 for the cutting forces and surface roughness, respectively. The feed rate was found to be the most effective parameter on the cutting forces and surface roughness, with contribution ratios of 91.31% and 94.79% respectively.