ESI-IM-MS characterization of cyclodextrin complexes and their chemically cross-linked alpha (α-), beta (β-) and gamma (γ-) cyclodextrin particles as promising drug delivery materials with improved bioavailability

YILMAZ S., Ozturk S., SALİH B., Ayyala R. S., ŞAHİNER N.

Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol.230, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 230
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2023.113522
  • Journal Name: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Bisphenol A, Curcumin, Inclusion complex, Microstructure, α-, β-, γ- Cyclodextrin particles
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Cyclodextrins (CDs) are natural cyclic oligosaccharides with a relatively hydrophobic cavity and a hydrophilic outer surface. In this study, alpha (α-), beta (β-) and gamma (γ-) CD particles were prepared by directly using α-, β-, and γ-CDs as monomeric units and divinyl sulfone (DVS) as a crosslinker in a single-step via reverse micelle microemulsion crosslinking technique. Particles of p(α-CD), p(β-CD), and p(γ-CD) were perfectly spherical in sub- 10 µm size ranges. The prepared p(CD) particles at 1.0 mg/mL concentrations were found biocompatible with > 95 % cell viability against L929 fibroblasts. Furthermore, p(α-CD) and p(β-CD) particles were found non-hemolytic with < 2 % hemolysis ratios, whereas p(γ-CD) particles were found to be slightly hemolytic with its 2.1 ± 0.4 % hemolysis ratio at 1.0 mg/mL concentration. Furthermore, a toxic compound, Bisphenol A (BPA) and a highly antioxidant polyphenol, curcumin (CUR) complexation with α-, β-, and γ-CD molecules was investigated via Electrospray-Ion Mobility-Mass Spectrometry (ESI-IM-MS) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analysis. It was determined that the most stable noncovalent complex was in the case of β-CD, but the complex stoichiometry was changed by the hydrophobic nature of the guest molecules. In addition, BPA and CUR were separately loaded into prepared p(CD) particles as active agents. The drug loading and release studies showed that p(CD) particles possess governable loading and releasing profiles.