CHIRALITY, vol.33, no.8, pp.465-478, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
New derivatives of FAM (ferrocenyl aziridinyl methanol) ligands NFAM1-4 (naphthyl ferrocenyl aziridinyl methanol) and CFAM1-4 (cyclohexyl ferrocenyl aziridinyl methanol) were synthesized to form a small ligand library and used as chiral catalysts with AgOAc for the asymmetric synthesis of heteroaryl-substituted pyrrolidines by the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition (1,3-DC) reaction of azomethine ylides. 2-Thienyl, 2-furyl, 2-, 3-, and 4-pyridyl aldimines were prepared and used with N-methylmaleimide, dimethyl maleate, tert-butyl acrylate, methyl acrylate, and acrylonitrile to form the corresponding heteroaryl-substituted pyrrolidines. 1,3-DC reactions yielded the expected cycloadducts in up to 89% yield and up to 76% ee that could be increased up to 95% ee upon crystallization. New chiral ligands NFAM1-4 and CFAM1-4 were fully characterized, and their absolute stereochemistry was determined by single-crystal X-ray analysis.