Effect of weaning on behavior and serum parameters in dairy goat kids


Atasoglu C. , Yurtman I. Y. , Savas T. , GULTEPE M., OZCAN O.

ANIMAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, cilt.79, ss.435-442, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 79 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1740-0929.2008.00547.x
  • Dergi Adı: ANIMAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.435-442

Özet

This study aimed at investigating the effects of weaning kids abruptly at an average of 55 13 days of age on intake, behavioral and serum parameters and, lasted for a total of six weeks; two weeks pre-weaning and four weeks post-weaning. Sixteen single kids with equal gender were used. Kids were only allowed to stay with their mothers for suckling (45 min/period) both in the morning and in the evening period during pre-weaning. Grower concentrate and hay were offered ad libitum. The duration of the study was divided into three periods for the sampling of behavioral and serum parameters; (i) pre-weaning period lasting for two weeks (P-BW) (ii) early post-weaning period lasting for one week (P-AW1) and (iii) late post-weaning period lasting for three weeks (P-AW2). Daily weight gain of kids gradually decreased as the observation period progressed (P = 0.001). However concentrate, feed intake increased from 0.154 kg/day in P-BW to 0.479 kg/day in P-AW1 and 0.499 kg/day in P-AW2, Water intake, rumination and standing behaviors decreased in P-AW2 (P < 0.001), whereas activity towards concentrate feed (CF) (P < 0.001) and roughage (P = 0.012) increased as compared to P-BW and P-AW1. Abnormal oral activity was not affected by the periods (P = 0.906). CF was significantly higher in females (P = 0.003), whereas males displayed higher lying behavior (P = 0.007). Glucose, total protein, Urea, cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol concentrations (P = 0.001) and ALP activity (P = 0.003) were significantly affected by the periods. The results of the present study suggest that behavioral and serum parameters across the periods describe changes in the nutritional conditions as a result of the transition from milk to solid feed in association with weaning.