1st Middle East Congress on Disaster and Prehospital Management, İstanbul, Turkey, 8 - 11 October 2017, pp.53
Purpose: Threatening the public order/security of the civilian population and security forces in Turkey, bomb attacks have become all too frequent in the recent years, affecting many people adversely. This study aims to evaluate some features of these bomb attacks which are covered in news.
Material and Method: The data of this descriptive study were collected through the first four news agencies (Anadolu Ajansı, İhlas News Ajansı, Doğan News Ajansı, Ajans Haber) found by the keyword “news agency” on the search engine of Google in 2016. Typing the keywords of “bomb attacks, explosion, explosive” on the web-site search tools of these news agencies, the researchers collected the data from the news based on the questionnaire prepared by themselves. The data were analyzed into the SPSS 19.0 statistical program for which the descriptive statistics were provided.
Findings: In 2016, in these four news agencies, bomb attacks were covered in 161 different news articles. 14.3% of these incidents (n=23) took place on august; 42.2% of them (n=68) occurred in the South Eastern Region and 16.8% of them (n=27) happened in the city of Diyarbakır. Handmade explosives were used in 54.0% of these incidents (n=87); bombed vehicles were used in 25.5% of them (n=41) and suicide bombers were used in 5.6% of them (n=9). The news reported that the interventions to the incidents were made by ambulances in 67.1% of the incidents (n=108), by the National Medical Rescue Teams in 3.1% of them (n=5) and by the staff of the Disaster Relief Agency in 1.2% of them (n=2). 100% of the news included a photograph along with the story. 82.5% of those injured in the incidents (n=1503) were civilians; 17.4% of them (n=317) were military personnel and 0.1% of them (n=1) were terrorists. 53.0% of those who died in the incidents (n=204) were civilians; 44.2% of them (n=170) were military personnel and 2.8% of them (n=11) were terrorists
Conclusion: Bomb attacks are a major social problem threatening the public order/security in turkey. The most damaged people in these bomb attacks were civilians. The coverage of detailed information on medical interventions during bomb attacks in the news by the news agencies can improve the healing of the community.
Key Words: Bomb attack, explosion, injury, tactical medicine, acts of terrorism.