Using Leaf Based Hyperspectral Models for Monitoring Biochemical Constituents and Plant Phenotyping in Maize

Kahriman F., Demirel K., Inalpulat M., Egesel C. Ö., Genc L.

JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.18, no.6, pp.1705-1718, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1705-1718
  • Keywords: Genotypic classification, Support Vector Machine, Zea mays
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to develop and validate qualitative and quantitative models to discriminate different types of maize and also estimate biochemical constituents. Spectral data were taken from the central leaf of randomly-chosen plants grown in field trials in 2011 and 2012. Leaf chlorophyll and protein content and stalk protein content were determined in the same plants. Four different Support Vector Machine (SVM) models were generated and validated in this study. In qualitative models, maize type was designated as dependent variable while Full Spectral (FS) data (400-1,000 nm) and Spectral Indices (SI) data (34 indices/bands) were independent variables. In the two quantitative models (SVMR-FS and SVMR-SI), independent variables were the same, whereas dependent variables were assigned as the quantitatively measured traits. Results showed the qualitative models to be a robust method of classification for distinguishing different maize types, such as High Oil Maize (HOM), High Protein Maize (HPM) and standard (NORMAL) maize genotypes. The SVMC-FS model was superior to SVMC-SI in terms of the genotypic classification of maize plants. Quantitative models with full spectral data gave more robust prediction than the others. The best prediction result (RMSEC=222.4 mu g g(-1), R-2 for Cal=0.739, SEP=213.3 mu g g(-1); RPD=2.04 and r=0.877) was obtained from the SVMR-FS model developed for chlorophyll content. Indirect estimation models, based on relationships between leaf-based spectral measurements and leaf and stalk protein content, were less satisfactory.