Mechanical and thermal properties of perfluoroalkyl ethyl methacrylate-methyl methacrylate statistical copolymers synthesized in supercritical carbon dioxide


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Cengiz U. , Gengec N. A. , Kaya N. U. , Erbil H. Y. , Sarac A. S.

JOURNAL OF FLUORINE CHEMISTRY, cilt.132, ss.348-355, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 132 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jfluchem.2011.03.010
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF FLUORINE CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.348-355

Özet

Poly( methyl methacrylate-ran-perfluoroalkyl ethyl methacrylate) copolymers having varying perfluoralkyl ethyl methacrylate ester (Zonyl-TM) contents were synthesized in supercritical CO2. Complete amorphous structures of the copolymers were verified by XRD. Young's modulus (Y-mod) of the copolymers was decreased linearly from 1.57 to 1.08 GPa and T-g values from 102 to 77 C with the increase of Zonyl-TM content. A linear relationship between the Y-mod and the T, values of the copolymer was also found. The increase of the large branched pendant groups resulted in the increase of the free volume and a corresponding decrease in Ymod and T-g of the copolymers. A good fit was found when the Schneider equation was used. Negative deviation from the Gordon-Taylor equation was observed when Zonyl-TM content was lower than 14% due to rapid increase in free volume and then a positive deviation was found due to the dipole-dipole interactions between the methyl ester and fluoroalkyl ester groups. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Poly(methyl methacrylate-ran-perfluoroalkyl ethyl methacrylate) copolymers having varying perfluoroalkyl ethyl methacrylate ester (Zonyl-TM) contents were synthesized in supercritical CO2. Complete amorphous structures of the copolymers were verified by XRD. Young's modulus (Ymod) of the copolymers was decreased linearly from 1.57 to 1.08 GPa and Tg values from 102 to 77 °C with the increase of Zonyl-TM content. A linear relationship between the Ymod and the Tg values of the copolymer was also found. The increase of the large branched pendant groups resulted in the increase of the free volume and a corresponding decrease in Ymod and Tg of the copolymers. A good fit was found when the Schneider equation was used. Negative deviation from the Gordon–Taylor equation was observed when Zonyl-TM content was lower than 14% due to rapid increase in free volume and then a positive deviation was found due to the dipole–dipole interactions between the methyl ester and fluoroalkyl ester groups