Examination of Physical Activity Social Support among Middle School Students


55. ICHPER SD Dünya Kongresi, İstanbul, Turkey, 19 December - 21 November 2013, pp.495

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.495
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


This study examined physical activity related social support of public and private middle school students in central district of Canakkale. 296 middle school students (nmale = 155 and nfemale= 141) voluntarily participated to the current study. Turkish version of “Physical Activity Social Support” questionnaire (PASS) was completed by the students. PASS questionnaire involves three constructs that evaluates mother, father and friend support related to physical activity. Collected data was analyzed with descriptive and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) statistics (p<.05). ANOVA results between sex and social support indicated significant difference in friend support [F (1,294) = 6.45, p=.01]. However, there was no statistical difference between sex of students and parental support [Mother = F (1,294) = 0.02, p=.89 and Father = F (1,294) = 1.36, p=.24]. Another finding was significant difference between grade and parental support [Mother = F (3,292) = 7.55, p=.00, Father = F (3,292) = 5.84, p=.00] however; there was no statistical difference in friend support [Friend = F (3,292) = 2.01, p=.11]. Lastly, there were no significant difference between school type and social support of participants. It can be concluded that social support among middle school students should be increased by parents. Future research should seek and include parental support to develop physical activity behavior of students in middle schools.

Keywords: Physical activity, socialsupport, middleschoolstudents