Effects of dietary Bergamot (Citrus bergamia) peel oil on growth, haematology and immune response of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles


AQUACULTURE RESEARCH, vol.50, no.11, pp.3305-3312, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/are.14288
  • Title of Journal : AQUACULTURE RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.3305-3312
  • Keywords: blood parameters, Citrus bergamia essential oils, Dicentrarchus labrax, feed additive, growth promoter, immunomodulator, TILAPIA OREOCHROMIS-MOSSAMBICUS, DISEASE RESISTANCE, NONSPECIFIC IMMUNE, BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS, AQUACULTURE PRACTICES, SWEET ORANGE, HEALTH, EXPRESSION, LIMONENE, ANTIOXIDANT


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of essential oil extracted from bergamot (Citrus bergamia) peel on growth performance and health status of European sea bass juveniles (5.10 + 0.05 g). Test diets supplemented with 0.0%, 0.5%, 1.0% and 2.0% bergamot peel oil (BPO0, BPO0.5, BPO1 and BPO2) were fed to experimental fish for 60 days. At the end of the experiment, the best growth performance was obtained in the BPO0.5 and BPO1 groups (p < .05). No significances were found for haematological parameters including red blood cell count, haematocrit and haemoglobin concentration at the end of the feeding experiment. There were significant differences between the total protein, cholesterol, alkaline phosphatase and glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (p < .05) between the BPO0.5 and BPO1 supplemented groups and the control group with no BPO addition. The addition of BPO showed significant differences in immune parameters such as lysozyme activity, total myeloperoxidase content, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activity between BPO0 and BPO supplemented groups (p < .05). It might be concluded that dietary addition of 0.5%-1% BPO could increase the growth performance and feed utilization with improved health status in sea bass juveniles.