CdSO4-CdS Composite nanowires synthesized by arc discharge method


Üstün T., Eskizeybek V., Toumiat O., Avcı A.

Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi (NÖHÜ) Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.11, no.3, pp.813-818, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Abstract

Herein, we successfully carried out the of CdS nanowires doped with CdSO4 nanoparticles by arc discharge method. For this, two cadmium rods with high purity as anode and cathode electrodes were submerged in a liquid nitrogen medium. The cathode electrode was filled with micro-sized sulfur powder to synthesize CdS nanowires. CdS nanowires were obtained by oxidation using low temperature with CdSO4 nanoparticles. After the arc discharge process, the resultant product was characterized to reveal structural and morphological properties. XRD and electron EDX analyses exposed the coexistence of the CdS and CdSO4 phases. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) investigations revealed that the synthesized nanostructures formed in a 1D wire nanostructure morphology with a diameter of less than 10 nm and several micrometers in length. Besides, the transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis was utilized to monitor the CdSO4 nanoparticles located on CdS nanowires surface. It has been found that the absorption band blue-shifted with 0.53 eV. This blue shift originated from the quantum confinement in the nanoparticles.

Herein, we successfully carried out the of CdS nanowires doped with CdSO4 nanoparticles by arc discharge method. For this, two cadmium rods with high purity as anode and cathode electrodes were submerged in a liquid nitrogen medium. The cathode electrode was filled with micro-sized sulfur powder to synthesize CdS nanowires. CdS nanowires were obtained by oxidation using low temperature with CdSO4 nanoparticles. After the arc discharge process, the resultant product was characterized to reveal structural and morphological properties. XRD and electron EDX analyses exposed the coexistence of the CdS and CdSO4 phases. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) investigations revealed that the synthesized nanostructures formed in a 1D wire nanostructure morphology with a diameter of less than 10 nm and several micrometers in length. Besides, the transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis was utilized to monitor the CdSO4 nanoparticles located on CdS nanowires surface. It has been found that the absorption band blue-shifted with 0.53 eV. This blue shift originated from the quantum confinement in the nanoparticles.